Most home cooks in the United States use standard container measurements (i.e. teaspoons, tablespoons, and cups). Although this method is easy to follow for small quantities, it becomes increasingly more difficult and less accurate when dealing with larger quantities. It is impossible to give a single weight equivalent for a one cup measurement due to the fact that a cup of sifted flour weighs much less than the same cup of firmly packed brown sugar. For this reason, we give volume to weight equivalencies that are specific to the type of ingredient being measured. For example, refer to the sugar page to locate the weight for one cup of brown sugar and to the flour page for the weight of one cup of sifted all-purpose flour.

We recommend converting ingredients to metric weight for recipes you use frequently. Not only will the measurements be more accurate, the recipes will be much easier to increase or decrease as needed.

 

Approximate U.S. Measurement Equivalents
Pinch/dash = 1/16 teaspoon
1/2 teaspoon = 30 drops
1/2 tablespoons = 1 1/2 teaspoons
1 tablespoon = 3 teaspoons = 1/2 fluid ounce
1/8 cup = 2 tablespoons = 1 fluid ounce
1 jigger = 3 tablespoons = 1 1/2 fluid ounces
1/4 cup = 4 tablespoons = 2 fluid ounces
1/3 cup = 5 tablespoons + 1 teaspoon = 2.67 fluid ounces
1/2 cup = 8 tablespoons = 4 fluid ounces
2/3 cup = 10 tablespoons + 2 teaspoons = 5.3 fluid ounces
3/4 cup = 12 tablespoons = 6 fluid ounces
1 cup = 16 tablespoons = 8 fluid ounces = 1/2 pint
1 pint = 2 cups = 16 fluid ounces
1 1/2 pints = 3 cups = 24 fluid ounces
1 quart = 2 pints = 4 cups = 32 fluid ounces
2 quarts = 4 pints = 8 cups = 64 fluid ounces
1 gallon = 4 quarts = 8 pints = 16 cups = 128 fluid ounces

 

Approximate Metric Volume Equivalents
1/2 teaspoon = 2.5 milliliters
1 teaspoon = 5 milliliters
2 teaspoons = 10 milliliters
1 tablespoon = 15 milliliters
2 tablespoons =1 fluid ounce = 30 milliliters
1/4 cup = 60 milliliters
1/3 cup = 80 milliliters
1/2 cup = 120 milliliters
2/3 cup = 158 milliliters
3/4 cup = 178 milliliters
1 cup = 240 milliliters
1 1/2 cups = 355 milliliters
2 cups (1 pint) = 480 milliliters
3 cups = 710 milliliters
4 cups (1 quart) = .96 liter (960 milliliters)
4 1/3 cups (1.06 quarts) = 1 liter (1000 milliliters)
4 quarts (1 gallon) = 3.84 liters

 

Approximate Metric Weight Equivalents
.035 ounce = 1 gram
1/4 ounce = 7 grams
1/2 ounce = 14 grams
3/4 ounce = 21 grams
1 ounce = 28 grams
1 1/2 ounces = 42.5 grams
2 ounces = 57 grams
3 ounces = 85 grams
4 ounces (1/4 pound) = 114 grams
5 ounces = 142 grams
6 ounces = 170 grams
7 ounces = 198 grams
8 ounces (1/2 pound) = 227 grams
16 ounces (1 pound) = 454 grams
2.2 pounds = 1 kilogram (1,000 grams)